Health and Safety Aspects of Using Computers

Health and Safety Aspects of Using Computers
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Health and Safety Aspects of Using Computers
Computers have turned out to be an essential part of our lives and over the previous decade, the society has witnessed an extraordinary surge in personal computer (PC) ownership worldwide. In the United Kingdom, as per the early 2012 statistics, the ownership of PC has continued to increase sharply with approximately 88% of households having a computer. This penetration of PC along with internet accessibility is reflected in the measure that almost 27% of the advertising expenditure is spent on internet advertising (Pandita, 2017). Computers are no longer used just as instructive tools but have meshed with every aspect of our lives. Computers have also provided a prevailing social media platform that interconnects people worldwide, an entertainment center and a shopping podium where people undertake transactions and buying online. Nevertheless, there are major downsides due to the increasing use of computers, especially health effects such as radiations, visual troubles, musculoskeletal diseases, and electrical pollution. Hence, a concise overview of these health problems and ways of safeguarding humanity against them would provide better ways for improved use of technology (Castells, 2011).
The health effect of habitual use of the computer is gaining more focus. The most popular of all the symptoms of regular computer use is its effect on vision. There is a wide spectrum of visual disorders that are motivated by the prolonged use of computers. These are collectively described as 'Computer Vision Syndrome' (CVS). Research shows that there is a higher prevalence risk of developing CVS for persons who average more than three hours at the computer daily (Akinbinu and Mashalla, 2014). Computer Vision Syndrome is currently becoming a work-related health problem due to many people spending approximately seven hours daily operating a computer Thus, the safety measure in this regard is to ensure that the focus is continuously maintained at distant points. This easy but efficient solution would help in relaxing the ciliary muscles that are tensed because of the prolonged hub at the computer screen (Uchino and Schaumberg, 2014).
Further, computer processing units release dangerous electromagnetic radiation normally indicated as extremely low-frequency radiation (ELF) plus very low frequency (VLF). As a result, research in US Berkley School has shown that about 40% of USA school students undergo a lot of stress in the eyes because of the extreme use of PC (Kaur, Kakal and Mendel, 2011). As per the recommendation by the International Commission of Radiological Protection, the suggested secure confines of radiation contact are less than 0.03mSv/week. The most effectual solution is to have periodic breakpoints from the computer since this will aid in helping the eyes to have rest, prevent dehydration of the eyes and also effect in more productivity. 
Besides, the continuous use of computers aides in the growth of musculoskeletal diseases. The human being skeletal structure is well suited to aide in movement and not well designed for sitting at an unchanged point for longer periods. Reduced ergonomics additionally add to the problems and thus, causing back pains, wrist pains, and pain on the finger joints. Most of these troubles can be prevented by means of ergonomically well-designed chairs and by ensuring that each person maintains a good seating posture. Chairs that contain height change, armrests that can be easily attuned in and out are best preferred for extended sitting everyday computer jobs. (Garcia, Maldonado, and Cortes, 2014).
Computers are unavoidable in our modern society. They have created new business frontiers globally and would continue to be an important part of our lives. Nonetheless, lengthened computer usage can result in undesirable health effects on the user. Observing normal safety measures and practices, as mentioned above, is the preeminent way to reduce the negative health effects of using the computer. 

Akinbinu, T. R., & Mashalla, Y. J. (2014). Impact of computer technology on health: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS). Medical Practice and Reviews, 5(3), 20-30.
Castells, M. (2011). The rise of the network society (Vol. 12). John Wiley & sons. 
García-Alcaraz, J. L., Maldonado-Macías, A. A., & Cortes-Robles, G. (2014). Lean manufacturing in the developing world.
Kaur, M., Kakar, S., & Mandal, D. (2011, April). Electromagnetic interference. In 2011 3rd International Conference on Electronics Computer Technology (Vol. 4, pp. 1-5). IEEE.
Pandita, R. (2017). Internet: A change agent an overview of internet penetration & growth across the world. International Journal of Information Dissemination and Technology, 7(2), 83.
Terzi, M., Ozberk, B., Deniz, O. G., & Kaplan, S. (2016). The role of electromagnetic fields in neurological disorders. Journal of chemical neuroanatomy, 75, 77-84.
Uchino, M., & Schaumberg, D. A. (2013). Dry eye disease: impact on the quality of life and vision. Current ophthalmology reports, 1(2), 51-57.

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