French and Indian War The American Revolution has reflected desire of colonists to leave from under the despotism of the British crown. They have accused the king that it has violated their rights as English citizens. For the different reasons many colonists have kept fidelity to a crown; them began to be named as loyalists, or torry. And they were not lonely: Englishmen could find to themselves allies in New Land, and such allies became American Indian tribes. Basically kind attitudes with Indians have remained from the old contracts, concluded more than hundred years back. These allies were the present soldiers and at the certain stages have rendered the real help in struggle against rebels. At the same time not only the representatives of the king concluded the treaties with Indians: so also colonists often acted and owing to this had an opportunity to beat off from Englishmen with greater efficiency. As a rule, the treaties were not strong: because of language and, that is more important, racial barrier, they were observed only during war when "pale" really required the American Indian help. However the case with Iroquoises of New York was an exception: their friendship with Englishmen though was exposed to serious tests, but it has appeared unexpectedly strong1. The iroquoises occupied the territory from New York up to northern Pennsylvania, and separate settlements were further to the north, the south and the West, to Great Lakes. They represented an extensive conglomerate of the tribes connected by the general origin. The iroquoises were strong and numerous people and consequently many from Europeans searched for friendship with them. In 1608 de Shamplen has based one of the first euro-Indian coalitions between the Frenchmen and Hurons. In the end of the same year Shamplen helped in the war with iroquoises to Algonquins, Grisons. For this he has taken from them the promise to help him in studying continent and to protect colonists and dealers who would come after him. Any time the Frenchmen observed the contract with Grisons; therefore they became enemies to the iroquoises, and iroquoises have found allies on behalf of Englishmen2. When in 1664 British have beaten off at Dutchs of Albany, they have realized the benefit of the union with iroquoises. The problem of the establishing the friendly relationship with the League was trusted to the colonel G. Cartright. In November, 1687 the protection of a crown has extended already on all Union of five peoples. This contract allowed Englishmen to develop the New England. The Frenchmen stirred to both allies: to British - to keep the colonies, and iroquoises - to distribute the authority above all tribes of the region. The iroquoises were in a condition of war with the Frenchmen since 1608. Struggle between the Frenchmen and iroquoises has reached the maximum heat in 1689, during the War of King Wilhelm; then Indians did not give the enemy to respite. For the Englishmen, naturally, it played on a hand, they however were pleased not for long: to 1690 the Indians have started to get tired of war. The most far-sighted leaders have understood, that Englishmen and the Frenchmen have remained unique who could compete with them in force. For this reason they have decided to give the whites an opportunity to kill each other. With time Englishmen became more powerful; the iroquoises kept with them the warm relationship3. A real test of this union on durability became the Seven-year war (French-American Indian) which has burst in 1754 the Frenchmen originally were not only are strong, but also successful, striking exact blows in the weak spots of the enemy.
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