Section A 1. What are the theoretical disadvantages Utilitarianism has regarding measurement? 2. Why does Utilitarianism struggle with the theoretical description of heroic action? 3. Why does Kant so thoroughly exclude happiness from moral theory? Section B 1. Discuss Kant?s two categorical imperatives. Provide an illustrative example for each. 2. Why does Utilitarianism struggle with the theoretical description of the obligations that seem to rise out of interpersonal relationships? 3. Discuss the argument for individual rights forwarded by John Locke Section C 1. Discuss the problem justice poses for Utilitarianism? How does Rule Utilitarianism attempt to solve the problem? 2. Why does Mill emphasize consequences so much within moral analysis? Why does Kant prefer an emphasis on intention? 3. Discuss the reasons why Kant wants moral obligation to be autonomous, and what problems this introduces. Section D 1. Discuss Kant?s postulation of God and the immortal soul as reasonable objects of faith. What problem is this supposed to solve? 2. Discuss Mill?s argument that happiness is the ultimate end of human existence. 3. What is the Greatest Happiness Principle? Discuss the theoretical advantages of it.
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