Understanding the role of motivational theory and high-performance work systems in human resource management

Understanding the role of motivational theory and
high-performance work systems in human resource management”
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Executive Summary:
This analysis seeks to understand the role of Human Resource
Management (HRM) in the context of the large multinational computer,
technology and software corporation Microsoft. As such, this analysis attempts to
understand the policy changes implemented by the organization in the late 1990s,
through the lens of several major themes and trends within Strategic Human
Resource Management (SHRM). From here, this analysis will contextualize the
policies of Microsoft within wider developments in the practice and theory of
high-performance work systems in HRM, as well as the motivational factors
associated with employee and management well being. This analysis will
conclude by offering several policy suggestions for increased employee and
management well being in HRM, particularly relating to the correlation between
of high involvement management and levels of anxiety.
Employee motivation and retention strategies are important aspects in the field of
Human Resource Management (HRM). The theory and methodology underlying HRM
has evolved significantly over the past century, undergoing considerable transformation
particularly over the past two decades. This has been driven by a number of important
and interrelated developments affecting both internal and external operations, with many
scholars and managers enacting HRM policy changes arising from the need to remain
competitive in a global economy.
This analysis will review a case study by Chakraborty and Gupta entitled
Employee Motivation and Retention Strategies at Microsoft Corporation (2010),
contextualizing the findings of this report with wider trends in the field of HRM. In so
doing, I seek to accomplish several objectives in this review. First, due to the fact there
have been several comprehensive and traditional reviews relating to motivational theory
and employee retention published elsewhere, I do not wish to simply duplicate these.
Instead I will attempt to provide a more focused analysis of the field, zeroing in on the
case study by Chakraborty and Gupta (2010), using this study of Microsoft to articulate
key directions for future work. Relying largely upon previous studies and reviews, I will
then extract key areas of inquiry and use these to consider the effectiveness of pay as a
method of motivation and review changes to HR strategy and practice accordingly. Next,
I will articulate a number of important concepts and issues in the organizational sciences
that contain relevant integrative potential with HRM to produce innovative and auxiliary
streams of research. Some of these have already been developed, while others are more
recent and only employed in theory, but it will be shown that firms and organizations 
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